Man Is An Animal

Anthony discussing his final art degree exhibition, 'Man is an Animal' (1967). 
Extract from 'Playing the Shape Game' (2003)

'... The exhibition consisted of four large oil paintings and a book. The pictures in the book were of people indulging in typical everyday activities, but the accompanying text for each image described basic animal behaviour. It related to the picture books that I make now, in which the relationship between the words and the pictures is rarely uncomplicated. I like to include differences and gaps between the two components that the reader has to fill in with his or her imagination. 

With the ‘Man Is An Animal’ book, I was trying to illustrate the similarities between human and animal behaviour...'

'...For the final show I put the book on a table and surrounded it with the four Baconesque oil paintings. They were large, figurative canvases – untitled, but with vague themes such as aggression and sexuality. The paintings were intended to imply the connection between human and animal behaviour, without spelling the message out as the book did...'

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What's going up my leg?

Anthony discussing his childhood drawing.
Extract from 'Playing the Shape Game'

'...Most of my pictures were of great battles: soldiers, cowboys or knights in armour, caught in moments of ferocious conflict. At first they just looked like scenes of terrible carnage, but a closer look revealed jokes, speech bubbles and snippets of descriptive writing. I loved to use words and pictures together, and long before I considered a career in children’s books (as a four-year-old, I saw my future taking place in the boxing ring rather than the studio), I was creating pictures that were more interesting than they first appeared. 

I haven’t kept any of the battle scenes, but this picture of a pair of legs (presumably mine) is fairly typical Browne, then and now. Unlike my actual legs, these have pirates hiding in their shoes and climbing up the 'masts'. I have learnt over the years that children are natural surrealists. To a child, a pair of legs has limitless possibilities; the socks and shoes are merely the least interesting starting point. I suspect that Freud would have plenty to say about the image, but I believe I had a very secure and balanced childhood! 

The drawing is an advanced example of the Shape Game. I have taken an ordinary picture and, with a few extraordinary additions, transformed it into a story. It has changed from something purely representational into something strange, dream-like, interesting. Of course, one could say that all drawings are examples of the Shape Game. The artist looks at a face or a tree and transforms it into their interpretation of what they see. When an image is reproduced on paper it is unavoidably manipulated, personalised, 'changed into' a drawing...'

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Playing the Shape Game

Extract taken from 'Playing the Shape Game' (2003)

'... Introduction

The idea for this book was suggested some years ago by Julia MacRae, my editor for the first twenty years of my career. I started work on it many times but couldn’t get beyond the word ’I.’ It seemed so pretentious writing 'I did this . . .' or, 'I did that . . .'. Over a period of time I decided that the book wouldn't work, but I would still think of it occasionally. 

One day, I’d been discussing the book over lunch with Julia and my son, Joe. As Joe and I walked to the station afterwards I was suddenly struck by the thought that he could help me – we could do it together! Joe had just finished his studies as a musician but he’d always been interested in writing throughout his school and university education. As a boy he would write imaginatively strange and funny tales. Joe had always been a keen listener to my childhood stories of life in Yorkshire with my brother, and he remembered some of these better than I did. Joe was very enthusiastic about the project so we started as soon as we got home and quickly realised that it could work. He would ask me questions and then record my answers. It freed me from the feeling of pretentiousness - after all I was just talking to my son about my childhood. Joe put in most of the work writing it up, partly in my words and partly in his own. He was living with me at the time, so we were able to talk about the book every day; we worked in the same room, and I was able to work on a picture book while he transformed our interviews. 

A recurring discussion between us was about the title of the book. I tried to think of a theme that's been common to all the work I've done and found myself returning to my childhood. When my brother, Michael, and I were children we invented two games. The first involved throwing a ball to the top of the stairs, watching it bounce back down and catching it before it reached the ground. It was the result of countless wet afternoons in West Yorkshire; the listless alternative to more vigorous outdoor pursuits, played by two bored but competitive boys.

The second game - the Shape Game - was far more interesting. I have spoken of this simple drawing game to children all over the world, and they have made me realise that its prevalence in my own childhood was by no means unique. Children everywhere have invented their own versions of the Shape Game. It has certainly been a very important part of my career, for I have played it in every book I have ever made. 

The rules are very simple: the first person draws an abstract shape; the second person, ideally using a different coloured pen, transforms it into something. It seems that all children love this game and are very good at it – far better than adults are. It is an unfortunate part of growing up that we lose a great deal of contact with our visual imagination. The wonder with which we look at the world diminishes, and this inhibits both our inclination to draw (most adults give up entirely) and also our ability to draw with truly unfettered creativity. 

Looking back, I can see that although the Shape Game is great fun, I believe it also has a serious aspect. Essentially, the game is about creativity itself. Every time we draw a picture, or write a story, or compose a piece of music, we are playing the Shape Game. When children ask me (and they always do) where I get my ideas from, I tell them it's from the same place that they get theirs - from things that happened to me when I was a boy, from things that happened to my own children, from other people's stories, from films, from paintings, or from dreams. Everything comes from somewhere else, and when we create something we're transforming our own experience into a picture, a book, or perhaps a piece of music. We are playing our own Shape Game. 

One of the interesting aspects of working on the book has been finding how many memories of childhood incidents influenced my work, often bringing to light events I had all but forgotten and whose significance I only now fully realise. My choice of illustrations reflects these memories, but the main intention of this book is to share my delight in the Shape Game and my passionate belief in the power of art to enrich our lives...'

We will be sharing more extracts from Anthony's biography over the coming weeks - so watch this space.

Summer is here!

Great weather for a day at the seaside in England today. Hopefully it won't be quite as pictured in THE VISITORS WHO CAME TO STAY (McAfee/Browne, 1984)

The Little Artist

I have just started work on a new book called The Little Artist. This is the first picture - does it remind you of anyone?

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Hide and Seek

I've finally handed in the finished artwork for HIDE AND SEEK (formerly known as HIDDEN) to my publishers at Penguin Random House. It's due to be published in October 2017, so watch this space! 

Hide and Seek

Viry-Chatillon

I have just received some lovely photographs from an exhibition has just finished in Viry-Chatillon, France. It looks good and sounds like it was a great success.

From the (recent) archive

I used to make school visits, but I've stopped now. I'm putting this video up to give an idea of the sort of thing I used to do. 

A presentation by former Children's Laureate, Anthony Browne, at the 2012 IBBY Congress in London (23 to 26 August 2012).

Hidden

Here's a few teasers from my next book, HIDDEN. This is the most detailed book that I have ever worked on and it's coming along slowly but surely...

Mexico 2016

 Mexico 2016 — in Mexico City, Mexico.

 November 29, 2016 · 

Anthony has recently got back from a trip celebrating 25 years of children's books with Fondo de Cultura Economica. He had a busy week with interviews, talks, an illustration master class, workshops and signings. He received a wonderfully warm welcome from his fans and has returned with fresh inspiration. While he was there Anthony was able to visit Frida Kahlo's house and he's now planning to make a book on this subject. Watch this space..